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Gutiska Waurda

Gothic-English | English-Gothic | Gótico-Español | Español-Gótico

3828 Gothic entries in the lexicon.
Tip: Use the letter keys of your keyboard to jump to different parts of the lexicon. For Þ, press C; for Ƕ, press V. The numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 select the to and from languages as in the links above.
This lexicon contains entries from Wright's Gothic Grammar, from Himma Daga's lexicon, and from Wiktionary's list of Gothic lemmata.

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-aga-suff. (forming adjectives indicating status or mood, ex: áudags, gredags, modags, un-hunslags, wulthags)
-aha-suff. see -aga-
-áini-suff. see -eini-
-and-suff. (forming nomina agentis: bisitands, frijonds, fijands, nasjands)
-arja-suff. (forming nomina agentis from other nouns, and later from verbs: bokareis, láisareis, liuthareis, motareis, sokareis)
 
-assu-suff. (originally forming verbs such as laúhatjan, later extended to -inassu-, q.v.)
-atjansuff. (forming intensive verbs which fell together with causatives in class I weak conj.: laúhatjan, káupatjan, swogatjan)
-basuff. (forming adverbs from adjectives)
-dūþi-suff. (equivalent to -tude, forming f. abstract nouns such as ajukduths, managduths, mikilduths)
-dogsadj. days old; pertaining to the nth day
 
-eiga-suff. (forming adj.: anda-nemeigs, ansteigs, hrotheigs, láiseigs, listeigs, sineigs, thiutheigs, etc.)
-ein-suff. (forming f. abstract nouns from adjectives: áudagei, báitrei, bleithei, bráidei, diupei, etc.)
-eina-suff. (equivalent to the -en in earthen, wooden; aírtheins, áiweins (lit. "made of eternity"), barizeins, filleins, gultheins, gumeins ("made of man"), qineins ("made of woman"), stáineins, thaúrneins, triweins)
-eini-suff. (forming abstr. n. from classes I-III of weak v.: láiseins, lathons, libáins.)
-hconj. see -uh
 
-háitn.Aa naming, commanding
-hunpart. (forming indefinite pronouns used with ni to mean "none": hwashun, mannahun, áinshun)
-þrsuff. sn(forming nouns denoting instruments or tools)
-þwasuff. (forming nouns such as fijathwa, frijathwa, salithwos (pl.))
-iþasuff. (forming f. abstr. n. from adj.: aggwitha, aglitha, dáubitha, meritha, sweritha, etc.)
 
-inassu-suff. (roughly equivalent to -ness, forming nouns from weak class IV verbs ending in -inon)
-inonsuff. (originally forming verbs of vocation or social status, later extended to a variety of other verbs)
-iska-suff. (equivalent to -ish; forming adj. denoting manner or quality: barnisks, funisks, gudisks, mannisks, iudaíwisks, etc.)
-kundspple. born
-leikssuff. like, similar, equal
 
-upart. (interrogative particle, enclitic, on the first word of its clause)
-ubnisuff. (from IE -mnyo-; forming n. from v. as: fastubni, fráistubni, witubni, waldufni, wundufni.)
-uhconj. (enclitic) but, and, now, therefore; (adds intensity to pronouns)
-ukssuff. (forming diminutives of nouns)
-ufnisuff. see -ubni
 
-wintrusadj. years old
-faþsm.Imaster
-falþsadj. -fold
-ƕaconj. whether (clitic)
-oþu-suff. (forming m. abstr. n. from class II weak v.: gáunothus, gabaúrjothus, aúhjodus, manniskodus, wratodus, the latter 3 assimilated to voiced d.)
 
-oni-suff. see -eini-
aba   🔊m.Nhusband
abraba   🔊adv. strong, excessively, very, very much
abrs   🔊adj. strong, violent, great, mighty
Aggilalandn.AEngland
 
aggileis   🔊smsee aggiljus
aggilus   🔊m.U/Iangel, messenger (alternate declension)
aggilus   🔊m.Uangel, messenger
Aggilsadj. English
Aggilsm.AEnglishman
 
aggwiþa   🔊f.Oanguish, distress, tribulation
aggwus   🔊adj. narrow
agis   🔊n.Afright, fear, terror
agláitei   🔊f.Nlasciviousness, unchastity
agláiti-ga-staldsadj. filthy (as in lucre)
 
agláiti-waúrdeif.Nindecent language
agliþa   🔊f.Oanguish, distress, tribulation
agljanI weakto hurt, damage
agluba   🔊adv. hardly, with difficulty
aglus   🔊adj. hard, difficult
 
aglsadj. shameful
aglo   🔊f.Nanguish, affliction, tribulation, problem, trouble
agjanI weakto frighten, worry
agustusm.UAugust
Agustusm.UAugustus the Roman emperor
 
agof.Nmagpie
addjisn.Aegg
aqizif.JOaxe
aha   🔊m.Nmind, understanding
aha-leisaj.s.psychological; (as noun) psychologist
 
aha-leiseif.Npsychology
aha-lekeism.JApsychiatrist
ahaks   🔊f.Cdove, pigeon
ahana   🔊f.Ochaff
ahins drobnaidiom. emotion
 
ahma   🔊m.Nspirit, ghost
ahmateins   🔊f.Iinspiration
ahmeinsadj. spiritual
ahjanI weakto think, assume
ahs   🔊n.Aear of grain
 
ahtáu   🔊num. aj.ieight
ahtáu-dogsadj. eight days old
ahtáutehund   🔊num. eighty
ahtuda   🔊w.aj.eighth
áibrn.Agift
 
áigan   🔊pret-pres. VI abl.+accto have, possess; (+ double acc) to have someone as something
áigin   🔊n.Aproperty, inheritance, goods
áigum   🔊pret.pres.+accwe have
áizn.Abrass, coin, money, copper
áiza-smiþam.Ncoppersmith
 
áih   🔊pret.pres.+accI have
áihan   🔊pret-pres. VI abl.+accsee áigan
áihtron   🔊II weakto beg for, pray, desire
áihtronsf.Iprayer, request, supplication
áihts   🔊f.Iproperty
 
áiþei   🔊f.Nmother
aíþþáu   🔊conj. or, else
aíþþáu jahidiom. truly
áiþs   🔊m.Aoath
aíkklesjof.Nchurch
 
áiloeinterj. oh my god!
áin-falþabaadv. simply
áin-falþeif.Nsimplicity, singleness; goodness of disposition
áin-falþsadj. onefold, simple, single
áin-ƕaþar-uhpron. each of two
 
áin-ƕarjiz-uhpron. everyone, each (indefinite)
áina-baúrm.Ionly-born
áina-mundiþaf.Ounity
áinaha   🔊w.aj.only, alone
áinaklsadj. desolate, abandoned
 
áinamadv. alone
áinamma sinþaidiom. once
áinzuadv. only
áinlif   🔊num. aj.ieleven
áins   🔊num. 1one
 
áins   🔊pron. a certain one (indef)
áins... jah áinsidiom. the one ... and the other
áins-hunpron. (+ ni) no one
aípiskaúpaús aíkklesjoidiom. cathedral
aípiskaúpeif.Noffice of a bishop
 
aípiskaúpusm.Ubishop
aípistaúlef.Nletter, correspondence
aípistulawmsee aípistaúle
áir   🔊adv. soon, early
aírzeif.Nerror
 
aírzeis   🔊adj. astray, erring, errant
aírziþaf.Oerror
aírzjan   🔊I weakto deceive, lead astray
aírþa   🔊f.Oearth, land, region
aírþa-kundsadj. earthly, born of the earth
 
aírþaleisaj.s.geological; (as noun) geologist
aírþaleiseif.Ngeology
aírþeins   🔊adj. earthly
áirizaadv. earlier
áirizansaj.wmforefathers
 
áirinon   🔊II weak+intrto be a messenger
áiris   🔊adv. earlier
aírknastáinsm.Aarkenstone, jewel, precious stone
aírkniþaf.Osincerety, purity of faith
aírlsm.Aearl
 
aírmanwaúrmsm.Aboa constrictor
aírminadagsm.AWednesday
Aírulsm.AHerule
áirus   🔊m.Umessenger
Aíspaírantistusm.UEsperantist
 
Aíspaírantof.NEsperanto
áistān   🔊III weakto revere, regard
áitrn.Apoison
aíwaggelista   🔊m.Nevangelist
aíwaggeljan   🔊I weakto preach gospel
 
aíwaggeljo   🔊f.Ngospel
áiweins   🔊adj. eternal, everlasting
áiwiskin.JAshame
áiwiskonII weakto behave badly
aíwlaúgiam.Nbenefaction, donation
 
Aíwropaf.OEurope
aíwropisksadj. European
Aíwropusm.U/IEuropean citizen
áiwsm.Atime, lifetime, age, world, eternity
aíwxaristiam.Nthanksgiving (Christianity), Eucharist
 
áifrsadj. awful, terrible
aíƕa-tundif.JOthornbush, bramble bush
aíƕs   🔊m.Ahorse
ak   🔊conj. but, however (after negative clauses)
akeiconj. but, yet, still, nevertheless
 
akeitn.Avinegar
aketsnsee akeit
akkusateibusm.Uaccusative
akran   🔊n.Afruit
akran baíranidiom. to bear fruit
 
akrana-láusaj.s.unfruitful, barren
akranamimz miþ sakkaraidiom. marmelade
akrs   🔊m.Afield
ala-brunstsf.Iburnt-offering
ala-þarbaw.aj.very needy, very poor
 
ala-lustjam.Npansexual man
ala-lustjof.Npansexual woman
ala-mansm.Nall of humanity
alabalstraúnn.Aalabastron, small container for ointments
alakjoadv. together, collectively
 
alan   🔊VI ablaut+intrto grow
albsm.Aelf
aldi-wistsf.Izeitgeist
aldsf.Iage, life, generation
aldomon.Nold age
 
aleinaf.Oell, cubit
aleina-bugam.Nelbow
alewn.Aolive oil
alewa-bagmsm.Aolive tree
alewsaj.i.of olives
 
alhs   🔊f.Ctemple
alþansee us-alþan
alþeis   🔊adj. old
alþiza   🔊w.aj.older
all-waldandsm.NDalmighty
 
alla-ga-láubeinsf.ICatholicism
alla-ga-láufsadj. Catholic
alla-waúrstwaw.aj.percfect, all-accomplishing
alla-wereif.Nsincerity, agreeability, simplicity
allisconj. for, because
 
allisadv. in general, wholly, at all
alljandoadv. wholly
alls   🔊s.aj.all, every, much
alja   🔊prep. +datexcept
alja   🔊conj. than, except, unless, save
 
alja-kunsadj. foreign, strange, wild
alja-leikoadv. otherwise, differently
alja-leikoþspple. allegorical
alja-leikosadv. (comparative of alja-leikos) otherwise
alja-lustam.Nheterosexual man
 
alja-lustof.Nheterosexual woman
aljaþ   🔊adv. elsewhere, in another direction
aljaþroadv. from elsewhere, from all sides, from every quarter
aljanI weakto bring up, rear, fatten
aljann.Azeal
 
aljaniuraúneinsadj. neurodiverse
aljanonII ablautto be jealous
aljar   🔊adv. elsewhere
aljis   🔊adj. other, another
alun.Uale, beer
 
Amaírikaf.OUnited States of America
Amaírikisksadj. American
Amaírikusm.U/IAmerican citizen
amenadv. amen; verily, truly
amsm.Ashoulder
 
amslof.Nblackbird
anpart. then (interrogative)
ana   🔊prep. +acconto, into, at, over, to, into, against
ana   🔊prep. +daton, upon, in, at, over, against
ana   🔊adv. on, upon
 
ana Gutþiudáiidiom. among the Goths
ana fotum eisarnaidiom. fetters
ana ƕarjanoh fimftigunsidiom. by fifties in each
ana-áukanVII redupto add to
ana-biudanII ablautto bid, command, order
 
ana-busnsf.Icommand, precept
ana-ga-natjisadj. online
ana-gagganVII redupto approach, come
ana-drigkanIII ablaut+datto be drunk
ana-qalindeclquiet
 
ana-qiþanV ablautto speak evil (of)
ana-qimanIV ablautto come near, approach
ana-qiujanI weakto arouse, make alive
ana-qissf.Iblasphemy
ana-habānIII weakto take hold of; (passive) to be taken, e.g. with fever
 
ana-háimeisadj. at home
ana-háitanVII redup(+acc) to call on, invoke; (+dat) to scold
ana-hamonII weakto get dressed
ana-hnáiwjanI weakto lay (down) (transitive)
ana-hneiwanI ablaut+intrto stoop down, bow over
 
ana-þiwānIII weakto bring into subjection
ana-þrafstjanI weak+accto comfort
ana-in-sakanVI ablautto impart or confer through argumentation
ana-kaúrjanI weakto overcharge
ana-kumbjanI weak+intrto lie down or sit, sit at a table, recline
 
ana-kunnáinsf.Ireading
ana-kunnanpret-pres. III abl.to read
ana-lageinsf.Ia laying on
ana-lagjanI weakto lay on
ana-láugneif.Nsecrecy
 
ana-láugnibaadv. secretly
ana-láugnsaj.i.hidden, secret
ana-latjanI weakto hinder
ana-leikoadv. in like manner
ana-mahtjanI weakto do violence, abuse, injure, damage, revile
 
ana-mahtjandsm.NDabuser
ana-mahtsf.Iabuse
ana-meleinsf.Iregistration
ana-meljanI weakto enroll, register
ana-mindsf.Isupposition, assumption, surmising
 
ana-namnjanI weakto give a nickname
ana-namof.Nnickname
ana-nanþjanI weakto dare, have courage, be bold
ana-náuþjanI weakto compel, force
ana-niujanI weakto renew
 
ana-niujiþaf.Orenewal
ana-pragganVII redupto oppress
ana-silānIII weak+intrto be silent, be quiet, grow still
ana-siunsaj.i.visible
ana-slawānIII weakto quiet down, become still
 
ana-slepanVII redupto fall asleep
ana-stodeinsf.Ibeginning
ana-stodjanI weakto begin
ana-timrjanI weakto build upon
ana-trimpanIII ablautto tread on, press
 
ana-waírþn.Afuture
ana-waírþsadj. future
ana-wammjanI weakto blame
ana-wiljeif.Nmoderation
ana-filhn.Aa thing committed, tradition, recommendation
 
ana-filhanIII ablautto commit to, entrust, let out, hand down as tradition
ana-fulhanon.Ntradition
ana-ƕeilānIII weakto give someone a break, give someone a rest
anaþaímaindeclanathema, curse
anaksadv. straightaway, at once, suddenly
 
ananVI ablaut=us-anan
anarxismusm.Uanarchism
anarxistusm.Uanarchist
anarxistsadj. anarchistic
anastodeiniláufsm.Ahome page, landing page
 
and   🔊prep. +accalong, throughout, towards, in, on, among
and-áugin.JAface
and-áugibaadv. openly, in plain sight
and-áugjoadv. openly
and-bahtin.JAservice, ministry
 
and-bahtjanI weak+datto serve, minister
and-bahtsm.Aservant; minister
and-beitanI ablautto blame, reproach, threaten, charge, rebuke
and-bindanIII ablautto loose, unbind, explain
and-bundnanIV weak+intrto become unbound, be loosened
 
and-qiþanV ablautto bid farewell
and-háitanVII redupto call to one, profess, confess, acknowledge, give thanks to
and-hamonII weak+datto spoil
and-háusjanI weakto listen to, obey, hear
and-hafjanVI ablaut+datto answer
 
and-huleinsf.Iuncovering, revelation, illumination
and-huljanI weakto disclose, open, uncover, reveal
and-hruskānIII weakto investigate, explore, raise a question
and-þagkjanI weak(reflexive) to decide, make up one's mind; to remember, consider, think of (sometimes reflexive)
and-letn.Apermission
 
and-letanVII redupto allow
and-letnanIV weakto be released, to be separated
and-nimanIV ablautto receive, take
and-rinnanIII ablautto compete in running, strive, dispute
and-saíƕanV ablautto consider
 
and-sakanVI ablautto dispute, strive against
and-saljanI weakto pay or offer as a tribute; to sacrifice
and-sitanV ablautto accept
and-speiwanI ablautto reject
and-staldn.Asupply
 
and-staldanVII redupto supply
and-standanVI ablautto withstand, resist
and-staúrrānIII weakto murmur against
and-stassf.Iresistance
and-tilonII weakto hold, be devoted to; to accept, endure patiently
 
and-waírþin.JApresence, face, person
and-waírþisprep. +datopposite
and-waírþsadj. present
and-waúrdjanI weakto answer
and-wasjanI weakto unclothe, undress
 
anda-baúhtsf.Iransom
anda-beitn.Apunishment
anda-háitn.Aconfession, profession
anda-haftsf.Ianswer
anda-þāhtabaadv. reasonably
 
anda-þāhtsadj. circumspect
anda-láunin.JArecompense
anda-láusaj.s.endless
anda-nahtin.JAevening
anda-neiþsadj. contrary, hostile
 
anda-nemn.Aa taking, an accepting
anda-nemeigsadj. taking, accepting; holding fast
anda-nemsaj.i.pleasant, acceptable, accepted
anda-numtsf.Ireceiving, acceptation
anda-setsadj. abominable
 
anda-staþjism.JAadversary
anda-stauam.Nadversary (in law)
anda-waírþin.JApurchase price, cost
anda-waúrdin.JAanswer
anda-wiznsf.Ilivelihood, wages; necessity, essential thing
 
anda-wleiznn.Acountenance, face
andeis   🔊m.JAend
andi-láusaj.s.endless
andiz-uhconj. either (used with aíththáu)
andizuh... aiþþáuidiom. either ... or
 
anþar   🔊s.aj.other, second; (plural) the others, the rest
anþar... anþaridiom. the one ... the other
anþar linþaidiom. June
anþar jiuleisidiom. December
anþar faírƕubadusidiom. World War II
 
anþar-kundsadj. transgender
anþar-leikeif.Ndifference
anþar-leikoadv. otherwise, differently
anþaramma sinþaidiom. a second time
ankwam.Nbutter
 
annof.Nwages
ansm.Abar, beam
Ansulaúhaf.OOslo
ansusm.Upagan god
ansteigs   🔊adj. gracious, favorable
 
ansts   🔊f.Ifavor, grace
Antiaúkiaf.OAntioch
ajukdūþsf.Itime, eternity
apaústaúleif.Napostolate, apostleship
apaústaúlusm.U/Iapostle
 
apaústulussm.uisee apaústaúlus
apreilism.SApril
aram.Neagle
Arabiaindecl.fArabia
arbáidjanI weakto work, toil, suffer
 
arbáiþs   🔊f.Iwork, toil, labor, job
arbi   🔊n.JAheritage, inheritance
arbi-numjam.Nheir, inheritor
arbja   🔊m.Nheir
arbja waírþanidiom. to inherit
 
arbjo   🔊f.Nheiress
areinsdagsm.ATuesday
arkaf.Omoney box, chest
arkaggilusm.U/Iarchangel
arma-haírteif.Nmercy
 
arma-haírtiþaf.Opity, mercy, charity, alms
arma-haírtsadj. merciful
armaiof.Nmercy, pity, alms
armalin.JAcupboard
armān   🔊III weakto pity, have pity on
 
arjan   🔊I weakto plough/plow
arƕaznaf.Oarrow, dart
af   🔊prep. +datof, from, by, away from, out of
af-agjanI weakto scare away, to frighten off
af-áikanVII redupto deny (vehemently)
 
af-aírzjanI weakto deceive, lead astray, seduce
af-ga-natjisadj. offline
af-gagganVII redup+intrto go away, depart, go to, come
af-gibanV ablautto depart
af-gudeif.Nungodliness
 
af-guþsadj. godless, impious
af-grundiþaf.Oabyss
af-dáiljanI weakto give, distribute, share
af-dáubnanIV weak+intrto become deaf
af-dáubjanI weakto kill, put to death
 
af-dáuþjanI weakto put to death, to kill off, to eliminate
af-dáuiþsadj. harassed, confused
af-dumbnanIV weak+intrto hold one's peace, be silent or still, be quiet
af-dráusjanI weakto cast down
af-drugkjam.Ndrunkard
 
af-dobnanIV weak+intrto be silent
af-domeinsf.Idamnation
af-domjanI weakto condemn, curse, abjure
af-dojanI weak+intrto fatigue; to faint
af-etjam.Nglutton
 
af-qiþanV ablautto renounce, forsake
af-habānIII weak+intrto abstain
af-háimeisadj. far from home, absent
af-hamonII weakto be unclothed
af-hlaþanVI ablautto lade, load
 
af-hnáiwjanI weakto lay down
af-hugjanI weakto bewitch
af-hráinjanI weakto wipe off, clean off
af-hrisjanI weakto shake off, wipe off
af-holonII weakto cheat (someone out of something), to take (something from someone) by false accusation
 
af-þaúrsjanI weakto be thirsty
af-þliuhanII ablautto escape
af-þwahanVI ablautto wash off
af-lageinsf.Ia laying aside, remission
af-lagjanI weak+accto lay aside, put away
 
af-leiþanI ablaut+intrto go, go away, depart
af-leitansee af-letan
af-letn.Aforgiveness, remission
af-letanVII red.abl.to dismiss, leave, forsake, put away, let alone, forgive, absolve
af-linnanIII ablaut+intrto depart
 
af-lifnanIV weak+intrto remain, be left
af-máitanVII redupto cut off
af-mauidsadj. faint, lacking strength
af-marzeinsf.Ideceitfulness
af-marzjanI weakto offend
 
af-mojanI weakto fatigue
af-nimanIV ablautto take away
af-sateinsf.Idivorce
af-satjanI weakto divorce
af-skáidanVII redup+acc(reflexive) to depart; to separate oneself from
 
af-skáideinsf.Iseparation
af-skiubanII ablaut+datto push aside, cast away, cast off
af-slahanVI ablautto kill, slay
af-sláuþnanIV weak+intrto be amazed, be beside oneself
af-sláuþjanI weakto be in doubt, be in despair
 
af-sláupjanI weakto put off, lay aside
af-sneiþanI ablautto cut off, kill
af-standanVI ablaut+intrto stand off, depart
af-stassf.Ia standing of, falling off or away
af-steiganI ablautto come down
 
af-swaggwjanI weakto despair
af-swaírbanIII ablautto wipe out
af-taúrnanIV weak+intrto be torn away
af-tiuhanII ablautto draw away, push off; to take, draw aside
af-wagjanI ablaut+intrto be moved away
 
af-waírpanIII ablaut+datto cast away, put away
af-walwjanI weakto roll away
af-wandjanI weakto turn away
af-filhanIII ablaut+accto hide
af-ƕapnanIV weak+intrto be quenched, choked
 
af-ƕapjanI weakto clench, quench, choke
afar   🔊prep. +dataccording to
afar   🔊prep. +accafter
afar þataidiom. thereafter
afar Xristu gabaúrananaidiom. C.E., A.D.
 
afar-gagganVII redupto follow, go after
afar-dagsm.Athe next day
afar-láistjanI weakto follow after, follow
afar-sabbatusm.Uthe day after Sabbath
afaram.Ndescendant
 
afaruh   🔊prep. afar + uh
afleiþan aljaþidiom. to go away
afta   🔊adv. behind, backwards
aftana   🔊adv. from behind
aftaro   🔊adv. from behind
 
aftuma   🔊w.aj.the following, next, hindmost, last
aftuma jiuleisidiom. December
aftumist habanidiom. to lie at the point of death
aftumists   🔊adj. last, aftermost
aftra   🔊adv. back, backwards, again, once more
 
aftra gabotjanidiom. to restore
aftra-ana-stodeinsf.Irevival, renewal
aftra-skapjanVI ablautto reconstruct
aftra-skaftsf.Ireconstruction
aƕa   🔊f.Oriver, water