Gutiska Waurda

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3828 Gothic entries in the lexicon.
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This lexicon contains entries from Wright's Gothic Grammar, from Himma Daga's lexicon, and from Wiktionary's list of Gothic lemmata.

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-aga-suff. (forming adjectives indicating status or mood, ex: áudags, gredags, modags, un-hunslags, wulthags)
-aha-suff. see -aga-
-áini-suff. see -eini-
-and-suff. (forming nomina agentis: bisitands, frijonds, fijands, nasjands)
-arja-suff. (forming nomina agentis from other nouns, and later from verbs: bokareis, láisareis, liuthareis, motareis, sokareis)
 
-assu-suff. (originally forming verbs such as laúhatjan, later extended to -inassu-, q.v.)
-atjansuff. (forming intensive verbs which fell together with causatives in class I weak conj.: laúhatjan, káupatjan, swogatjan)
-basuff. (forming adverbs from adjectives)
-dūþi-suff. (equivalent to -tude, forming f. abstract nouns such as ajukduths, managduths, mikilduths)
-dogsadj. days old; pertaining to the nth day
 
-eiga-suff. (forming adj.: anda-nemeigs, ansteigs, hrotheigs, láiseigs, listeigs, sineigs, thiutheigs, etc.)
-ein-suff. (forming f. abstract nouns from adjectives: áudagei, báitrei, bleithei, bráidei, diupei, etc.)
-eina-suff. (equivalent to the -en in earthen, wooden; aírtheins, áiweins (lit. "made of eternity"), barizeins, filleins, gultheins, gumeins ("made of man"), qineins ("made of woman"), stáineins, thaúrneins, triweins)
-eini-suff. (forming abstr. n. from classes I-III of weak v.: láiseins, lathons, libáins.)
-hconj. see -uh
 
-háitn.Aa naming, commanding
-hunpart. (forming indefinite pronouns used with ni to mean "none": hwashun, mannahun, áinshun)
-þrsuff. sn(forming nouns denoting instruments or tools)
-þwasuff. (forming nouns such as fijathwa, frijathwa, salithwos (pl.))
-iþasuff. (forming f. abstr. n. from adj.: aggwitha, aglitha, dáubitha, meritha, sweritha, etc.)
 
-inassu-suff. (roughly equivalent to -ness, forming nouns from weak class IV verbs ending in -inon)
-inonsuff. (originally forming verbs of vocation or social status, later extended to a variety of other verbs)
-iska-suff. (equivalent to -ish; forming adj. denoting manner or quality: barnisks, funisks, gudisks, mannisks, iudaíwisks, etc.)
-kundspple. born
-leikssuff. like, similar, equal
 
-upart. (interrogative particle, enclitic, on the first word of its clause)
-ubnisuff. (from IE -mnyo-; forming n. from v. as: fastubni, fráistubni, witubni, waldufni, wundufni.)
-uhconj. (enclitic) but, and, now, therefore; (adds intensity to pronouns)
-ukssuff. (forming diminutives of nouns)
-ufnisuff. see -ubni
 
-wintrusadj. years old
-faþsm.Imaster
-falþsadj. -fold
-ƕaconj. whether (clitic)
-oþu-suff. (forming m. abstr. n. from class II weak v.: gáunothus, gabaúrjothus, aúhjodus, manniskodus, wratodus, the latter 3 assimilated to voiced d.)
 
-oni-suff. see -eini-
abam.Nhusband
abrabaadv. strong, excessively, very, very much
abrsadj. strong, violent, great, mighty
Aggilalandn.AEngland
 
aggileissmsee aggiljus
aggilusm.U/Iangel, messenger (alternate declension)
aggilusm.Uangel, messenger
Aggilsm.AEnglishman
Aggilsadj. English
 
aggwiþaf.Oanguish, distress, tribulation
aggwusadj. narrow
agisn.Afright, fear, terror
agláiteif.Nlasciviousness, unchastity
agláiti-ga-staldsadj. filthy (as in lucre)
 
agláiti-waúrdeif.Nindecent language
agliþaf.Oanguish, distress, tribulation
agljanI weakto hurt, damage
aglubaadv. hardly, with difficulty
aglusadj. hard, difficult
 
aglsadj. shameful
aglof.Nanguish, affliction, tribulation, problem, trouble
agjanI weakto frighten, worry
agustusm.UAugust
Agustusm.UAugustus the Roman emperor
 
agof.Nmagpie
addjisn.Aegg
aqizif.JOaxe
aham.Nmind, understanding
aha-leisaj.s.psychological; (as noun) psychologist
 
aha-leiseif.Npsychology
aha-lekeism.JApsychiatrist
ahaksf.Idove, pigeon
ahanaf.Ochaff
ahins drobnaidiom. emotion
 
ahmam.Nspirit, ghost
ahmateinsf.Iinspiration
ahmeinsadj. spiritual
ahjanI weakto think, assume
ahsn.Aear of grain
 
ahtáunum. aj.ieight
ahtáu-dogsadj. eight days old
ahtáutehundnum. eighty
ahtudaw.aj.eighth
áibrn.Agift
 
áiganpret-pres. VI abl.+accto have, possess; (+ double acc) to have someone as something
áiginn.Aproperty, inheritance, goods
áigumpret.pres.+accwe have
áizn.Abrass, coin, money, copper
áiza-smiþam.Ncoppersmith
 
áihpret.pres.+accI have
áihanpret-pres. VI abl.+accsee áigan
áihtronII weakto beg for, pray, desire
áihtronsf.Iprayer, request, supplication
áihtsf.Iproperty
 
áiþeif.Nmother
aíþþáuconj. or, else
aíþþáu jahidiom. truly
áiþsm.Aoath
aíkklesjof.Nchurch
 
áiloeinterj. oh my god!
áin-falþabaadv. simply
áin-falþeif.Nsimplicity, singleness; goodness of disposition
áin-falþsadj. onefold, simple, single
áin-ƕaþar-uhpron. each of two
 
áin-ƕarjiz-uhpron. everyone, each (indefinite)
áina-baúrm.Ionly-born
áina-mundiþaf.Ounity
áinahaw.aj.only, alone
áinaklsadj. desolate, abandoned
 
áinamadv. alone
áinamma sinþaidiom. once
áinzuadv. only
áinlifnum. aj.ieleven
áinsnum. 1one
 
áinspron. a certain one (indef)
áins ... jah áinsidiom. the one ... and the other
áins-hunpron. (+ ni) no one
aípiskaúpaús aíkklesjoidiom. cathedral
aípiskaúpeif.Noffice of a bishop
 
aípiskaúpusm.Ubishop
aípistaúlef.Nletter, correspondence
aípistulawmsee aípistaúle
áiradv. soon, early
aírzeif.Nerror
 
aírzeisadj. astray, erring, errant
aírziþaf.Oerror
aírzjanI weakto deceive, lead astray
aírþaf.Oearth, land, region
aírþa-kundsadj. earthly, born of the earth
 
aírþaleisaj.s.geological; (as noun) geologist
aírþaleiseif.Ngeology
aírþeinsadj. earthly
áirizaadv. earlier
áirizansaj.wmforefathers
 
áirinonII weak+intrto be a messenger
áirisadv. earlier
aírknastáinsm.Aarkenstone, jewel, precious stone
aírkniþaf.Osincerety, purity of faith
aírlsm.Aearl
 
aírmanwaúrmsm.Aboa constrictor
aírminadagsm.AWednesday
Aírulsm.AHerule
áirusm.Umessenger
Aíspaírantistusm.UEsperantist
 
Aíspaírantof.NEsperanto
áistānIII weakto revere, regard
áitrn.Apoison
aíwaggelistam.Nevangelist
aíwaggeljanI weakto preach gospel
 
aíwaggeljof.Ngospel
áiweinsadj. eternal, everlasting
áiwiskin.JAshame
áiwiskonII weakto behave badly
aíwlaúgiam.Nbenefaction, donation
 
Aíwropaf.OEurope
aíwropisksadj. European
Aíwropusm.U/IEuropean citizen
áiwsm.Atime, lifetime, age, world, eternity
aíwxaristiam.Nthanksgiving (Christianity), Eucharist
 
áifrsadj. awful, terrible
aíƕa-tundif.JOthornbush, bramble bush
aíƕsm.Ahorse
akconj. but, however (after negative clauses)
akeiconj. but, yet, still, nevertheless
 
akeitn.Avinegar
aketsnsee akeit
akkusateibusm.Uaccusative
akrann.Afruit
akran baíranidiom. to bear fruit
 
akrana-láusaj.s.unfruitful, barren
akranamimz miþ sakkaraidiom. marmelade
akrsm.Afield
ala-brunstsf.Iburnt-offering
ala-þarbaw.aj.very needy, very poor
 
ala-lustjam.Npansexual man
ala-lustjof.Npansexual woman
ala-mansm.Nall of humanity
alabalstraúnn.Aalabastron, small container for ointments
alakjoadv. together, collectively
 
alanVI ablaut+intrto grow
albsm.Aelf
aldi-wistsf.Izeitgeist
aldsf.Iage, life, generation
aldomon.Nold age
 
aleinaf.Oell, cubit
aleina-bugam.Nelbow
alewn.Aolive oil
alewa-bagmsm.Aolive tree
alewsaj.i.of olives
 
alhsf.Ctemple
alþansee us-alþan
alþeisadj. old
alþizaw.aj.older
all-waldandsm.NDalmighty
 
alla-ga-láubeinsf.ICatholicism
alla-ga-láufsadj. Catholic
alla-waúrstwaw.aj.percfect, all-accomplishing
alla-wereif.Nsincerity, agreeability, simplicity
allisconj. for, because
 
allisadv. in general, wholly, at all
alljandoadv. wholly
allss.aj.all, every, much
aljaprep. +datexcept
aljaconj. than, except, unless, save
 
alja-kunsadj. foreign, strange, wild
alja-leikoadv. otherwise, differently
alja-leikoþspple. allegorical
alja-leikosadv. (comparative of alja-leikos) otherwise
alja-lustam.Nheterosexual man
 
alja-lustof.Nheterosexual woman
aljaþadv. elsewhere, in another direction
aljaþroadv. from elsewhere, from all sides, from every quarter
aljann.Azeal
aljanI weakto bring up, rear, fatten
 
aljaniuraúneinsadj. neurodiverse
aljanonII ablautto be jealous
aljaradv. elsewhere
aljisadj. other, another
alun.Uale, beer
 
Amaírikaf.OUnited States of America
Amaírikisksadj. American
Amaírikusm.U/IAmerican citizen
amenadv. amen; verily, truly
amsm.Ashoulder
 
amslof.Nblackbird
anpart. then (interrogative)
anaadv. on, upon
anaprep. +acconto, into, at, over, to, into, against
anaprep. +daton, upon, in, at, over, against
 
ana Gutþiudáiidiom. among the Goths
ana fotum eisarnaidiom. fetters
ana ƕarjanoh fimftigunsidiom. by fifties in each
ana-áukanVII redupto add to
ana-biudanII ablautto bid, command, order
 
ana-busnsf.Icommand, precept
ana-ga-natjisadj. online
ana-gagganVII redupto approach, come
ana-drigkanIII ablaut+datto be drunk
ana-qalindeclquiet
 
ana-qiþanV ablautto speak evil (of)
ana-qimanIV ablautto come near, approach
ana-qiujanI weakto arouse, make alive
ana-qissf.Iblasphemy
ana-habānIII weakto take hold of; (passive) to be taken, e.g. with fever
 
ana-háimeisadj. at home
ana-háitanVII redup(+acc) to call on, invoke; (+dat) to scold
ana-hamonII weakto get dressed
ana-hnáiwjanI weakto lay (down) (transitive)
ana-hneiwanI ablaut+intrto stoop down, bow over
 
ana-þiwānIII weakto bring into subjection
ana-þrafstjanI weak+accto comfort
ana-in-sakanVI ablautto impart or confer through argumentation
ana-kaúrjanI weakto overcharge
ana-kumbjanI weak+intrto lie down or sit, sit at a table, recline
 
ana-kunnáinsf.Ireading
ana-kunnanpret-pres. III abl.to read
ana-lageinsf.Ia laying on
ana-lagjanI weakto lay on
ana-láugneif.Nsecrecy
 
ana-láugnibaadv. secretly
ana-láugnsaj.i.hidden, secret
ana-latjanI weakto hinder
ana-leikoadv. in like manner
ana-mahtjanI weakto do violence, abuse, injure, damage, revile
 
ana-mahtjandsm.NDabuser
ana-mahtsf.Iabuse
ana-meleinsf.Iregistration
ana-meljanI weakto enroll, register
ana-mindsf.Isupposition, assumption, surmising
 
ana-namnjanI weakto give a nickname
ana-namof.Nnickname
ana-nanþjanI weakto dare, have courage, be bold
ana-náuþjanI weakto compel, force
ana-niujanI weakto renew
 
ana-niujiþaf.Orenewal
ana-pragganVII redupto oppress
ana-silānIII weak+intrto be silent, be quiet, grow still
ana-siunsaj.i.visible
ana-slawānIII weakto quiet down, become still
 
ana-slepanVII redupto fall asleep
ana-stodeinsf.Ibeginning
ana-stodjanI weakto begin
ana-timrjanI weakto build upon
ana-trimpanIII ablautto tread on, press
 
ana-waírþn.Afuture
ana-waírþsadj. future
ana-wammjanI weakto blame
ana-wiljeif.Nmoderation
ana-filhn.Aa thing committed, tradition, recommendation
 
ana-filhanIII ablautto commit to, entrust, let out, hand down as tradition
ana-fulhanon.Ntradition
ana-ƕeilānIII weakto give someone a break, give someone a rest
anaþaímaindeclanathema, curse
anaksadv. straightaway, at once, suddenly
 
ananVI ablaut=us-anan
anarxismusm.Uanarchism
anarxistusm.Uanarchist
anarxistsadj. anarchistic
anastodeiniláufsm.Ahome page, landing page
 
andprep. +accalong, throughout, towards, in, on, among
and-áugin.JAface
and-áugibaadv. openly, in plain sight
and-áugjoadv. openly
and-bahtin.JAservice, ministry
 
and-bahtjanI weak+datto serve, minister
and-bahtsm.Aservant; minister
and-beitanI ablautto blame, reproach, threaten, charge, rebuke
and-bindanIII ablautto loose, unbind, explain
and-bundnanIV weak+intrto become unbound, be loosened
 
and-qiþanV ablautto bid farewell
and-háitanVII redupto call to one, profess, confess, acknowledge, give thanks to
and-hamonII weak+datto spoil
and-háusjanI weakto listen to, obey, hear
and-hafjanVI ablaut+datto answer
 
and-huleinsf.Iuncovering, revelation, illumination
and-huljanI weakto disclose, open, uncover, reveal
and-hruskānIII weakto investigate, explore, raise a question
and-þagkjanI weak(reflexive) to decide, make up one's mind; to remember, consider, think of (sometimes reflexive)
and-letn.Apermission
 
and-letanVII redupto allow
and-letnanIV weakto be released, to be separated
and-nimanIV ablautto receive, take
and-rinnanIII ablautto compete in running, strive, dispute
and-saíƕanV ablautto consider
 
and-sakanVI ablautto dispute, strive against
and-saljanI weakto pay or offer as a tribute; to sacrifice
and-sitanV ablautto accept
and-speiwanI ablautto reject
and-staldn.Asupply
 
and-staldanVII redupto supply
and-standanVI ablautto withstand, resist
and-staúrrānIII weakto murmur against
and-stassf.Iresistance
and-tilonII weakto hold, be devoted to; to accept, endure patiently
 
and-waírþin.JApresence, face, person
and-waírþisprep. +datopposite
and-waírþsadj. present
and-waúrdjanI weakto answer
and-wasjanI weakto unclothe, undress
 
anda-baúhtsf.Iransom
anda-beitn.Apunishment
anda-háitn.Aconfession, profession
anda-haftsf.Ianswer
anda-þāhtabaadv. reasonably
 
anda-þāhtsadj. circumspect
anda-láunin.JArecompense
anda-láusaj.s.endless
anda-nahtin.JAevening
anda-neiþsadj. contrary, hostile
 
anda-nemn.Aa taking, an accepting
anda-nemeigsadj. taking, accepting; holding fast
anda-nemsaj.i.pleasant, acceptable, accepted
anda-numtsf.Ireceiving, acceptation
anda-setsadj. abominable
 
anda-staþjism.JAadversary
anda-stauam.Nadversary (in law)
anda-waírþin.JApurchase price, cost
anda-waúrdin.JAanswer
anda-wiznsf.Ilivelihood, wages; necessity, essential thing
 
anda-wleiznn.Acountenance, face
andeism.JAend
andi-láusaj.s.endless
andiz-uhconj. either (used with aíththáu)
andizuh ... aiþþáuidiom. either ... or
 
anþars.aj.other, second; (plural) the others, the rest
anþar ... anþaridiom. the one ... the other
anþar linþaidiom. June
anþar jiuleisidiom. December
anþar faírƕubadusidiom. World War II
 
anþar-kundsadj. transgender
anþar-leikeif.Ndifference
anþar-leikoadv. otherwise, differently
anþaramma sinþaidiom. a second time
ankwam.Nbutter
 
annof.Nwages
ansm.Abar, beam
Ansulaúhaf.OOslo
ansusm.Upagan god
ansteigsadj. gracious, favorable
 
anstsf.Ifavor, grace
Antiaúkiaf.OAntioch
ajukdūþsf.Itime, eternity
apaústaúleif.Napostolate, apostleship
apaústaúlusm.U/Iapostle
 
apaústulussm.uisee apaústaúlus
apreilism.SApril
aram.Neagle
Arabiaindecl.fArabia
arbáidjanI weakto work, toil, suffer
 
arbáiþsf.Iwork, toil, labor, job
arbin.JAheritage, inheritance
arbi-numjam.Nheir, inheritor
arbjam.Nheir
arbja waírþanidiom. to inherit
 
arbjof.Nheiress
areinsdagsm.ATuesday
arkaf.Omoney box, chest
arkaggilusm.U/Iarchangel
arma-haírteif.Nmercy
 
arma-haírtiþaf.Opity, mercy, charity, alms
arma-haírtsadj. merciful
armaiof.Nmercy, pity, alms
armalin.JAcupboard
armānIII weakto pity, have pity on
 
arjanI weakto plough/plow
arƕaznaf.Oarrow, dart
afprep. +datof, from, by, away from, out of
af-agjanI weakto scare away, to frighten off
af-áikanVII redupto deny (vehemently)
 
af-aírzjanI weakto deceive, lead astray, seduce
af-ga-natjisadj. offline
af-gagganVII redup+intrto go away, depart, go to, come
af-gibanV ablautto depart
af-gudeif.Nungodliness
 
af-guþsadj. godless, impious
af-grundiþaf.Oabyss
af-dáiljanI weakto give, distribute, share
af-dáubnanIV weak+intrto become deaf
af-dáubjanI weakto kill, put to death
 
af-dáuþjanI weakto put to death, to kill off, to eliminate
af-dáuiþsadj. harassed, confused
af-dumbnanIV weak+intrto hold one's peace, be silent or still, be quiet
af-dráusjanI weakto cast down
af-drugkjam.Ndrunkard
 
af-dobnanIV weak+intrto be silent
af-domeinsf.Idamnation
af-domjanI weakto condemn, curse, abjure
af-dojanI weak+intrto fatigue; to faint
af-etjam.Nglutton
 
af-qiþanV ablautto renounce, forsake
af-habānIII weak+intrto abstain
af-háimeisadj. far from home, absent
af-hamonII weakto be unclothed
af-hlaþanVI ablautto lade, load
 
af-hnáiwjanI weakto lay down
af-hugjanI weakto bewitch
af-hráinjanI weakto wipe off, clean off
af-hrisjanI weakto shake off, wipe off
af-holonII weakto cheat (someone out of something), to take (something from someone) by false accusation
 
af-þaúrsjanI weakto be thirsty
af-þliuhanII ablautto escape
af-þwahanVI ablautto wash off
af-lageinsf.Ia laying aside, remission
af-lagjanI weak+accto lay aside, put away
 
af-leiþanI ablaut+intrto go, go away, depart
af-leitansee af-letan
af-letn.Aforgiveness, remission
af-letanVII red.abl.to dismiss, leave, forsake, put away, let alone, forgive, absolve
af-linnanIII ablaut+intrto depart
 
af-lifnanIV weak+intrto remain, be left
af-máitanVII redupto cut off
af-mauidsadj. faint, lacking strength
af-marzeinsf.Ideceitfulness
af-marzjanI weakto offend
 
af-mojanI weakto fatigue
af-nimanIV ablautto take away
af-sateinsf.Idivorce
af-satjanI weakto divorce
af-skáidanVII redup+acc(reflexive) to depart; to separate oneself from
 
af-skáideinsf.Iseparation
af-skiubanII ablaut+datto push aside, cast away, cast off
af-slahanVI ablautto kill, slay
af-sláuþnanIV weak+intrto be amazed, be beside oneself
af-sláuþjanI weakto be in doubt, be in despair
 
af-sláupjanI weakto put off, lay aside
af-sneiþanI ablautto cut off, kill
af-standanVI ablaut+intrto stand off, depart
af-stassf.Ia standing of, falling off or away
af-steiganI ablautto come down
 
af-swaggwjanI weakto despair
af-swaírbanIII ablautto wipe out
af-taúrnanIV weak+intrto be torn away
af-tiuhanII ablautto draw away, push off; to take, draw aside
af-wagjanI ablaut+intrto be moved away
 
af-waírpanIII ablaut+datto cast away, put away
af-walwjanI weakto roll away
af-wandjanI weakto turn away
af-filhanIII ablaut+accto hide
af-ƕapnanIV weak+intrto be quenched, choked
 
af-ƕapjanI weakto clench, quench, choke
afarprep. +accafter
afarprep. +dataccording to
afar þataidiom. thereafter
afar Xristu gabaúrananaidiom. C.E., A.D.
 
afar-gagganVII redupto follow, go after
afar-dagsm.Athe next day
afar-láistjanI weakto follow after, follow
afar-sabbatusm.Uthe day after Sabbath
afaram.Ndescendant
 
afaruhprep. afar + uh
afleiþan aljaþidiom. to go away
aftaadv. behind, backwards
aftanaadv. from behind
aftaroadv. from behind
 
aftumaw.aj.the following, next, hindmost, last
aftuma jiuleisidiom. December
aftumist habanidiom. to lie at the point of death
aftumistsadj. last, aftermost
aftraadv. back, backwards, again, once more
 
aftra gabotjanidiom. to restore
aftra-ana-stodeinsf.Irevival, renewal
aftra-skapjanVI ablautto reconstruct
aftra-skaftsf.Ireconstruction
aƕaf.Oriver, water

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